How to Treat Asthma
Asthma is a respiratory tract illness that is common in children, but also among adults. It’s the chronic inflammation of the respiratory tract that leads to an increase in mucus production, swelling of the mucous linings, and hyper-reactivity of the airways. Asthma requires immediate intervention.
The more a person experiences difficulty in breathing, the more he will be anxious, making the situation worse for himself. Main signs of asthma include coughing, wheezing (asthma breathing), chest tightness, and difficulty in breathing.
There are two types of asthma medications. These are long-acting medications and the quick-relief. Quick-rеlіеf mеdісаtіоns аrе usеd fоr thе аbruрt trеаtmеnt of exacerbations and asthma symptoms. On the оthеr hаnd, lоng-асtіng mеdісаtіоns аrе gіvеn tо соntrоl thе sуmрtоms оf реrsіstеnt аsthmа.
Ѕіnсе thе mаіn саusе оf аsthmа іs іnflаmmаtіоn оf thе аіrwауs, rеgulаr usе оf аntі-іnflаmmаtоrу drugs іs nееdеd. Меtеrеd-dоsе іnhаlеrs оr аsthmа іnhаlеrs are used. Corticosteroids are the most effective anti-inflammatory drug today. Corticosteroids effectively alleviate the symptoms, and at the same time improve airway function.
This sort of medication suppresses the body’s ability to react to inflammation, thus reducing the swelling of the airways. Other anti-inflammatory agents that are more commonly administered to children are nedocromil and cromolyn sodium. Both of these drugs are also very good prophylaxis treatment for exercise-induced asthma or exposure to known triggers which can’t be avoided. These are classified as cells stabilizers.
Along with corticosteroids inhaled ds, theophylline and aminophylline are preferred for the relief of nocturnal asthma symptoms. These methylxanthines serve as bronchodilators and have minimal anti-inflammatory consequences.
Another medication that can be an alternative to inhaled corticosteroid for mild persistent asthma is leukotriene modifiers or inhibitors. However, it can be used alongside corticosteroid treatment for the more severe kind of asthma.
For acute exacerbations, short-acting beta2-adrenergic agonists are prescribed. Examples are albuterol, metaproterenol, and pirbuterol. This drug class has a rapid onset, thus providing immediate relief from symptoms. Ipratropium bromide and oxitropium bromide, both anti-cholinergic agents, may have added effects in acute exacerbation such as relief from bronchospasm and reduction of mucus production. Nevertheless, these anti-cholinergic medications are more commonly given to patients who suffer from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Besides drug therapy, people whose asthma is triggered by allergies should think about allergy desensitization or allergy immunotherapy. Unfortunately, this sort of therapy isn’t suggested for those with severe and uncontrolled asthma.
Asthma has no definite cure. However, following the perfect treatment can alleviate an asthmatic individual’s condition. If asthma is left untreated, undesirable complications may arise. Some of these life-threatening complications include status asthmaticus, pneumonia, atelectasis (lung collapse), and respiratory failure.
Acute asthma episodes can obstruct a person’s airway. This obstruction may often lead to hypoxemia or absence of oxygen in the blood flow. Asthma can also lead to dehydration because of excessive perspiration during an episode and insensible fluid losses through hyperventilation.